Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme (SGB) | Must-Understand Principles for Better Safe Returns

Mastering Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme (SGB)


Many of us have heard from our elders that invest in gold, it will help you in your difficult times. So have you ever wondered why such things are passing on from generation to generation. Gold has always maintained its value since ages. Unlike paper currency, gold never degrades its value hence considered as one of the best tools to hedge towards inflation. But keeping physical gold is a hassle full work as it brings storage and safety concern, making charges in jewelry, selling physical gold involves higher transaction cost. Investing in the Sovereign Gold Bond (SGB) is a hassle-free way to tap into the magic of gold without dealing with the whole “Keeping it under your mattress” scenario. 

Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGBs) is a financial instrument issued by the government of India allowing individuals to invest in gold in a non-physical form. These bonds are denominated in grams of gold, and the investment is backed by the government, making them a relatively safer option compared to physical gold.  As you go through this article, consider this: Is investing in Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGBs) is a good idea? This article helps you find the answer. 

Sovereign Gold Bond

What is Sovereign Gold Bond? 

Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGBs) serve as an ideal substitute for investing in physical gold. These bonds offer the opportunity for capital appreciation while also providing annual interest earnings. The SGBs was introduced by the Government of India on November, 2015. It was brought in to reduce the demand for physical gold, which adds to imports and impacts the nation’s trade balance. It is regulated by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).  

SGBs are financial instruments issued by the Government of India as a means for individuals to invest in gold without the need for physical possession. These bonds are denominated in grams of gold, and their value is linked to the prevailing market price of gold. SGBs offer investors the opportunity to earn interest on their investment, and they come with a fixed tenure, usually 8 years, with an option to exit after the fifth year. The government issues SGBs periodically. 

Why investing in SGBs is better than physical gold? 

  1. Safety and Security: SGBs are issued and backed by the Government of India, providing a higher level of safety compared to physical gold, which may be vulnerable to theft or loss. 
  2. No Storage Hassles: SGBs are held in electronic form, eliminating the need for secure storage and safeguarding concerns associated with physical gold. 
  3. Fixed Interest Income: SGBs offer a fixed interest rate, providing investors with a regular income stream. Physical gold, on the other hand, does not generate any income. 
  4. Tradability: SGBs can be traded on stock exchanges, providing liquidity and flexibility. This is not the case with physical gold, which may involve higher transaction costs and is less liquid. 
  5. Tax Benefits: SGBs offer tax benefits on capital gains, with exemptions available for individual investors. Physical gold investments, particularly in the form of jewelry, may not offer similar tax advantages. 
  6. Divisibility: SGBs can be purchased in smaller denominations, making them accessible to a broader range of investors. Physical gold often requires larger upfront investments. 
  7. No Making Charges: When buying physical gold in the form of jewelry or coins, making charges are often incurred. SGBs do not have such additional costs, making them a more cost-effective investment. 
  8. Collateral for Loans: SGBs can be used as collateral for loans, providing additional financial flexibility. Physical gold may require appraisal and evaluation processes for loan purposes. 
  9. Long-Term Investment: SGBs come with a fixed maturity period, encouraging a long-term investment approach. Physical gold, especially in jewelry form, may be seen more as a personal asset rather than a strategic investment. 

Who can invest in Sovereign Gold Bonds Scheme (SGBs)? 

Investors who meet the criteria include individuals, HUFs, trusts, universities, and charitable institutions. If an individual investor undergoes a change in residential status from resident to non-resident, they are permitted to hold Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGBs) until early redemption or maturity. Investors also have the option to apply for SGBs jointly with family members; however, when jointly owned, the primary holder must be an eligible individual or HUF. Minors can also invest in SGBs but the application on behalf of the minor has to be made by his/her guardian 

How do we earn profit by investing in SGBs? 

We can earn a profit by investing in Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGBs) through two ways: 

1. Capital Appreciation: The value of SGBs is linked to the market price of gold. As the price of gold increases over time, the capital invested in SGBs also appreciates. Investors can sell their SGBs on the secondary market at a higher price than the initial investment, thus realizing a capital gain. 

2. Fixed Interest Income: SGBs offer a fixed annual interest rate (2.5%) on the initial investment amount. This interest is paid semi-annually to investors, providing a regular income stream. The fixed interest rate is an additional source of profit for investors and is independent of changes in the market price of gold. 

What are the minimum and maximum investment limits in SGBs? 

The minimum investment in SGB is set at one gram, while individuals have a maximum subscription limit of 4 kg. Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) investors also have a maximum subscription limit of 4 kg, and trusts and similar entities, as notified by the government, have a higher limit of 20 kg per fiscal year (April–March). 

Taxation on SGBs ?

  • Firstly, the annual interest earned on SGBs is subject to taxation based on the individual investor’s income tax slab. 
  • Secondly, the capital gains from SGBs depend on the holding period. If the bonds are held until maturity (eight years), any profits upon redemption are tax-free. However, if an investor decides to sell the bonds prior to maturity investor need to pay taxes on the gains. 
  • Additionally, there is no Tax Deduction at Source (TDS) on the interest earned, but investors must declare it in their income tax returns. 
  • Lastly, SGBs are exempt from wealth tax as they are considered government securities. 

SGB Investment is Loss ?


We all want to do an investment which is safe, simple, gives good return and hassle free . Sovereign Gold Bonds present a unique and accessible avenue for investors to participate in the gold market while enjoying the added benefits of safety and periodic interest. These government-backed securities not only offer a secure way to invest in gold but also contribute to the broader goal of financial inclusion. As we navigate the diverse landscape of investment options SGBs stand out as a reliable and transparent choice.

With their tax advantages & ease of transaction and the potential for capital appreciation; Sovereign Gold Bonds can be a prudent addition to a diversified investment portfolio.

Investors both seasoned and new may find comfort in the fact that these bonds eliminate the need for physical storage and the associated security concerns.

It’s essential for individuals to carefully assess their financial goals and risk tolerance before investing and Sovereign Gold Bonds emerge as an accessible option for those seeking stability and growth in the ever-evolving financial landscape. As the government continues to encourage these instruments, investors have an opportunity to participate in the gold market without the complexities of physical ownership.

In the realm of financial instruments, simplicity often proves to be a key virtue. Sovereign Gold Bonds embody this principle, offering a straightforward and government-backed way for individuals to embrace the age-old allure of gold as an investment. As we navigate the dynamics of the modern economy; SGBs shine as a beacon of simplicity and reliability in the world of gold investments.

Join us to learn Financial Freedom and Wealth Creation Tips

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top